Today, the management of breast cancer is effective, 85% of women with breast cancer are treated. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), this tumor is most common in women. These symptoms are not always easy to identify during the early stages of the disease, which is why vigilance is required. Age, family history, environment, lifestyle, the risk factors are varied and should not be overlooked. In addition to the screening mammogram, monitoring of your chest allows you to recognize certain signs that suggest this disease. We explain how to know how to detect the symptoms quickly so that you no longer have any doubts.
Detecting symptoms of breast cancer: self-examination
From 50 to 74 years old, breast cancer screening is free. Approximately 12,000 new breast cancers are detected in women over 74 each year. Pain is not one of the main signs of this disease, which is why knowing your body is essential to successfully identify the symptoms of this type of cancer as early as possible.
Self-examination can identify the presence of abnormalities. Regular self-examination should complete the annual gynecological consultation. Perform it outside the period of the rule, in the middle of the cycle, several times a year. Stand in front of a mirror, observe your chest and perform your self-examination.
Recognizing a malignant breast tumour: weight loss
Weight loss is a great way to recognize the onset of a malignant breast tumor. If it’s quick and sudden, take it seriously. Have you lost more than 5 kg in an unexplained way? If you are not following a diet or sports program that justifies this mass loss, consult a doctor.
The sign of breast cancer: extreme fatigue
Daily fatigue affects us all! Coming home after work, taking care of the children, cooking, we face exhausting days. Worry if you experience extreme and chronic exhaustion accompanied by bone pain. Are you so weak that you don’t have the strength to move? Do you feel powerless? Do you suffer from an unexplained drop in energy? This exhaustion could mean that you have breast cancer.
Identify breast cancer: leaky nipple
Identifying a breast tumor on your own is possible. Pay attention to any changes in your chest. Observation will be your best way to detect this chronic disease. A dripping nipple is a visible symptom of breast cancer. Have you noticed for some time a painful leak of liquid emanating from your breast nipple? This secretion from the nipple(s) may appear as a result of pressure. If the discharge is thick and greenish, brown or bloody, seek prompt management with a medical consultation and clinical examination.
Symptom of breast cancer: deformation of the breast
Knowing how your breasts look is important for noticing a change. The deformation of the breast should put you on the alert. Do you notice that your chest has evolved? Your breast sags and flattens? Has a flat formed? If you have observed irregular contours and the size or shape is no longer the same, you are probably developing breast cancer.
Learn to recognize a breast tumour: inverted nipple
There are breasts of different shapes, each woman has a unique breast. When the nipple retracts, consultation is imperative. Does your nipple close in on him like a navel? Nipple retraction is a hallmark of breast cancer. You have a doubt? You need to do a screening mammogram.
Detecting breast disease: irritation and redness of the skin
Detecting breast cancer early enough is the best way to fight it. This chronic disease begins when the cells of the breast tissue evolve and develop. If the skin on your nipple has been irritated and reddish for a while, seek the advice of a healthcare professional to rule out any doubts. Redness of the skin indicates suspicious lesions. Has the appearance of your skin changed? The pigmentation of your nipple no longer has the same color? A change in the texture of the areola should alert you.
Sign of breast cancer: appearance of a lump in the breast
A good self-palpation can detect the presence of a lump in the breast. If the ball rolls, it’s a benign and harmless lesion, a simple fibromyoma. The ball is hard and does not move under your fingers? This mass persists and does not disappear? This kind of abnormality is one of the hallmarks of breast cancer. Take a biopsy to identify if it is benign or malignant.
Recognize a symptom of chronic illness: lymph nodes in the armpit
The last symptom that helps to recognize breast inflammation is the presence of nodes under the armpit. Axillary lymph nodes are often the first set of lymph nodes where breast cancer develops. The underarms are close to the chest, which is why cancer cells spread quickly there. Be careful not to confuse it with an ingrown hair or a lesion due to hair removal or shaving. If the lump looks like a painless hard lump, consult immediately.